One of India’s eight northeastern states, Assam, is home to a diverse range of geographies, cultures, and traditions. Assam is home to fertile territory that is energized by the powerful Brahmaputra River, which runs through it.
Celebration of Bihu holds special cultural value for the inhabitants and is praised as a representation of the state’s beautifully preserved traditions.
Bihu is a set of three festivals celebrated in the Indian state of Assam. The three Bihu festivals are Rongali or Bohag Bihu (celebrated in April), Kongali or Kati Bihu (celebrated in October), and Bhogali or Magh Bihu (celebrated in January). Each of these festivals has its own significance and is celebrated differently.
Rongali Bihu is the most important of the three and is celebrated to mark the beginning of the Assamese New Year. It is a festival of merriment and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. People dress in traditional clothes, participate in cultural programs, and exchange greetings.
Kongali Bihu is a more somber festival that marks the end of the agricultural season. It is a time for people to reflect on the past year and make plans for the future.
Bhogali Bihu is a festival of feasting and is celebrated with great enthusiasm. People prepare traditional delicacies such as pitha (a type of sweet rice cake), laru (a type of sweet made from rice and jaggery), and xandoh (a type of sweet made from black gram and jaggery).
In all of the Bihu festivals, traditional delicacies are a major part of the celebrations. People cook and prepare a variety of dishes, including fish, meat, and vegetable dishes, that are enjoyed by everyone. The traditional delicacies of Bihu are very delicious and are a must-try for anyone visiting Assam during the festival.
During the Bihu festival, traditional delicacies are a major part of the celebrations.
Some popular dishes that are prepared include:
Pitha: A type of sweet rice cake that are made with rice flour, jaggery, and coconut. They can be steamed or fried and come in a variety of shapes and flavors.
Laru: A type of sweet made from rice and jaggery. They are shaped into small balls and can be flavored with cardamom or sesame seeds.
Xandoh: A type of sweet made from black gram and jaggery. It is a delicacy that is particularly popular during the Bhogali Bihu festival.
Fish dishes: Fish is a staple food in Assam and is often prepared in a variety of ways during Bihu. Popular fish dishes include fish curry, fish fry, and smoked fish.
Meat dishes: Bihu is also a time for people to enjoy meat dishes, with popular options including duck meat, chicken and mutton curry, and pitika (a mashed meat dish).
Vegetable dishes: Vegetable dishes such as Tenga (a sour fish or meat curry), dhekia xaak aru bhaji (a dish made from a leafy green vegetable), and aloo pitika (mashed potato dish) are also prepared during the Bihu festival.
Overall, Bihu is a time for people to come together and enjoy a variety of delicious traditional dishes.