How to identify a fake Rs 2000 note

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The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced on Friday, May 19, 2023, that it is stopping the circulation of Rs 2000 bank notes. It has also sent letters to banks/institutions to adhere “meticulously” to the central bank’s master directive on dealing with forgeries.The RBI’s letter to banks on how to implement the Rs 2,000 note withdrawal states: “All banknotes in this denomination received by the banks shall be sorted immediately through Note Sorting Machines (NSMs) for accuracy and genuineness.”

“The instructions contained in our Master Direction dated April 03, 2023, on detection, reporting, and monitoring of counterfeit notes shall be meticulously followed,” ..
it has added.

Banknotes tendered over the counter must go through a machine-based authentication check. The customer will not be awarded credit for any notes that the bank determines to be fake.

According to the RBI website, “The Rs 2000 denominations banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) series bear signature of the Governor, Reserve Bank of India. The note has motif of “Mangalayaan” on the reverse, depicting the country’s first venture in interplanetary space. The base color of the note is magenta. The note has other designs and geometric patterns aligning with the overall color scheme, both at obverse and reverse.”
The size of the note is 66mmX166mm.

To help you identify a genuine Rs 2,000 note, here is the list of its features.

On the front:

  1. See through register where the number 2000 can be seen when held against light
  2. Latent image where the number 2000 can be seen when the note is held at a 45 degree angle at eye level
  3. The number 2000 in Devnagiri
  4. Micro letters RBI and 2000
  5. Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in the centre
  6. Micro letters Bharat (in Hindi) and’ India
  7. Color Sift windowed security thread with inception Bharat (in Hindi) and 2000. Colour of the thread changes from Green to blue when the note is tilted.
  8. Guaranteed clause, Governors signature with Promise clause and RBI emblem towards right of Mahatma Gandhi’s portrait.
  9. Mahatma Gandhi Portrait and electrotype 2000watermarks
  10. Number panel with numerals ascending font on the top left side and bottom right side.
  11. Denominations numeral with Rupee Symbol Rs 2000 in color changing ink(green to blue) on bottom right.
  12. Ashok Pillar emblem on the right.
  13. Horizontal rectangle with Rs 2000 in raised print (2) For the visually impaired there is a raised portrait of Gandhi, Ashok emblem, bleed lines, and identification marks.

On the reverse side:

  1. Year 0f printing of the note on the left
  2. Swachh Bharat logo with slogan
  3. Motif of Mangalyan
  4. Denomination numeral in Devanagiri.

As per the RBI master directions:
(i) “Banknotes tendered over the counter shall be examined for authenticity through machines.”
(ii) If any note is found by the bank to be counterfeit no credit of the same is to be given to the customer.
(iii) Notes determined as counterfeit shall be stamped as “COUNTERFEIT NOTE” and impounded in the prescribed format. Each such impounded note shall be recorded under authentication, in a separate register.
(iv)”In no case, the Counterfeit Notes shall be returned to the tenderer or destroyed by the bank branches. Failure of the banks to impound Counterfeit Notes detected at their end will be construed as wilful involvement of the bank concerned in circulating Counterfeit Notes and penalty will be imposed.”
(v) When a banknote tendered is found to be counterfeit, an acknowledgement receipt in the prescribed format must be issued to the tenderer by the bank branch.
(vi) The master direction also outlines how the detection of counterfeit notes is to be reported to the police. It states: (a) For cases of detection of Counterfeit Notes up to four (04) pieces in a single transaction, a consolidated report in the prescribed format is to be sent by the Nodal Bank Officer to the police along with the suspect Counterfeit Notes, at the end of the month.
(b)For cases of detection of Counterfeit Notes of five (05) or more pieces in a single transaction, the Counterfeit Notes shall be forwarded immediately by the Nodal Bank Officer to the local police authorities or the Nodal Police Station for investigation by filing FIR in the prescribed format.
(c)A copy of the monthly consolidated report/FIR shall be sent to the Forged Note Vigilance Cell constituted at the Head Office of the bank.
(d) Acknowledgement of the police authorities concerned has to be obtained for note/s forwarded to them (both for consolidated monthly statement and for filing of FIR).
(e) In order to facilitate the identification of people abetting the circulation of Counterfeit Notes, banks are advised to cover the banking hall/area and counters under CCTV surveillance and preserve the recording as per their internal policy.

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