The glacial mills at Alp Mora were formed during the last Ice Age, which ended approximately 12,000 years ago. At that time, glaciers covered much of the Swiss Alps, including Alp Mora. As the glaciers moved downhill, they carried with them rocks and boulders that acted as abrasives, grinding into the bedrock and creating deep circular depressions.
These depressions were then filled with water, and the swirling action of the water caused even more erosion, deepening the depressions and smoothing their walls. Over time, the glaciers receded, leaving behind the glacial mills that we see today.
What are glacial mills?
Glacial mills, also known as giant’s kettles, are cylindrical or bowl-shaped cavities that are found in bedrock or sedimentary rocks. They are created by the erosive action of water on rocks, typically caused by the movement of glaciers. Glacial mills can vary in size, ranging from a few centimeters to several meters in diameter and depth.
Where are the glacial mills located on Alp Mora?
The glacial mills on Alp Mora are located in the Val Trupchun valley, which is part of the Swiss National Park. The valley is situated in the southeastern part of Switzerland, near the Italian border.
The glacial mills are located at the end of a hiking trail that starts at the Chamanna dal Linard hut. The trail is approximately 5 kilometers long and takes about 2 hours to complete. The trail is well-marked and relatively easy, with only a moderate incline.
How to get to the glacial mills at Alp Mora?
To get to the glacial mills at Alp Mora, you will first need to travel to the Swiss National Park. The park is located in the Engadine Valley, which is accessible by train or car. The closest train station is in the town of Scuol, which is approximately 30 minutes from the park entrance by car.
Once you arrive at the park entrance, you will need to purchase a permit to enter the park. The park is open from May to October, and permits can be purchased at the park entrance or online.
To reach the glacial mills, you will need to hike from the Chamanna dal Linard hut. The hut is accessible by car or by foot from the park entrance. The hike to the glacial mills takes approximately 2 hours and is well-marked.
What to expect when visiting the glacial mills at Alp Mora?
When visiting the glacial mills at Alp Mora, you can expect to see a series of deep circular depressions in the bedrock. The depressions are filled with water and are surrounded by lush vegetation.
The glacial mills are located in a remote and pristine wilderness area, so you can also expect to see a variety of wildlife, including ibex, chamois, marmots, and various bird species. The area is also home to a wide range of alpine flora, such as edelweiss, gentians, and alpine roses.
The hiking trail to the glacial mills is relatively easy and offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. You will pass through forests, meadows, and rocky terrain, and cross several streams and bridges.
Once you reach the glacial mills, you can explore the area at your own pace. You can walk around the depressions and observe the swirling water, or you can climb down into the mills for a closer look. Be careful, as the rocks can be slippery, and the water can be deep in some areas.
Overall, visiting the glacial mills at Alp Mora is a unique and memorable experience that offers a glimpse into the natural beauty and geological history of the Swiss Alps.
Tips for visiting the glacial mills at Alp Mora
Here are some tips to help you make the most of your visit to the glacial mills at Alp Mora:
Wear comfortable and sturdy hiking shoes or boots, as the trail can be rocky and uneven in places.
Bring plenty of water and snacks, as there are no facilities at the glacial mills.
Dress in layers, as the weather can change quickly in the mountains.
Bring a camera to capture the stunning views and unique geological formations.
Observe the wildlife from a safe distance and do not disturb their natural habitat.
Respect the park rules and regulations, including those related to camping, littering, and wildlife protection.
In conclusion, the glacial mills at Alp Mora are a fascinating geological feature that offers a glimpse into the natural beauty and history of the Swiss Alps. Visiting the glacial mills is a unique and memorable experience that requires some hiking and preparation, but the stunning views, wildlife, and flora are well worth the effort. So, if you are planning a trip to the Swiss Alps, be sure to add the glacial mills at Alp Mora to your itinerary!