World’s Top 10 Most and Least Powerful Passports for 2023

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Henley & Partners, a London-based global citizenship and residence advisory firm has released the Henley Passport Index for the year 2023. The passport index ranks 199 passports from 227 destinations based on the travel freedom they offer for the year 2023.

Notably, it is the only index of its kind which uses exclusive data from the International Air Transport Authority (IATA).

Henley Passport Index

The Henley Passport Index is a ranking of countries based on the travel freedom their citizens enjoy. The index is based on data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains a database of passport regulations. The Henley Passport Index ranks countries based on the number of destinations their citizens can travel to visa-free or with visa-on-arrival.

World’s Top 10 Best (Most Powerful) Passports for 2023

As per the latest Henley Passport Index report, for the 6th consultive year Japan topped the index with Japanese citizens can visit 193 destinations around the world without a visa. South Korea and Singapore tied for second place, with their citizens having visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 192 destinations.

Germany and Spain tied for third, with visa-free access to 190 destinations. The UK and the US hold 6th and 7th places, respectively, with scores of 187 and 186. It appears unlikely for either country to reclaim the top spot on the index, which they jointly held in 2014.

There are 30 countries in the top ten for the most powerful passports in the world for 2023; take a look below…

RankCountriesVisa-Free Access
1Japan193
2Singapore, South Korea192
3Germany, Spain190
4Finland, Italy, Luxembourg189
5Austria, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden188
6France, Ireland, Portugal, United Kingdom187
7Belgium, Czech Republic, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, United States186
8Australia, Canada, Greece, Malta185
9Hungary, Poland184
10Lithuania, Slovakia183
World’s Most Powerful Passports in 2023

World’s Top 10 Worth (Least Powerful) Passports for 2023

As in previous years, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, and Yemen dominate the list of least powerful passports, with the least access to visa-free destinations.

Afghanistan has the fewest options, with only 27 destinations available to its citizens, and ranks 109th on the list. Countries such as Congo, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, and Sudan, on the other hand, rank 100th, with citizens having access to 42 visa-free destinations.

RankCountriesVisa-Free Access
100Congo (Dem. Rep.), Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Sudan42
101Bangladesh, Kosovo, Libya41
102North Korea40
103Nepal, Palestinian Territory38
104Somalia35
105Yemen34
106Pakistan32
107Syria30
108Iraq29
109Afghanistan27

Indian Passport Ranking In 2023

According to the Henley Passport Index, the ranking of Indian passports has slightly improved to 85th place this year, a two-spot jump from its 87th position in 2022. However, visa-free access for Indian citizens is still limited to only 59 countries.

Last year, Indian citizens had visa-free access to 60 destinations, but this year that number has dropped to 59 due to Serbia ending visa-free travel for Indian citizens starting from January 01, 2023. Notably, Serbia has cancelled the agreement that allowed Indians to enter visa-free for stays of up to 30 days.

Global Passport Ranking For 2023

The Henley Passport Index for 2023 ranks 199 countries according to the number of visa-free destinations available to their citizens. The list shows the country’s ranking as well as the number of visa-free destinations that are available to them.

It should be noted that the rankings of these countries are subject to change due to the countries’ relations and agreements.

Rank In 2023CountryVisa-Free Access
1Japan193
2Singapore192
2South Korea192
3Germany190
3Spain190
4Finland189
4Italy189
4Luxembourg189
5Austria188
5Denmark188
5Netherlands188
5Sweden188
6France187
6Ireland187
6Portugal187
6United Kingdom187
7Belgium186
7Czech Republic186
7New Zealand186
7Norway186
7Switzerland186
7United States186
8Australia185
8Canada185
8Greece185
8Malta185
9Hungary184
9Poland184
10Lithuania183
10Slovakia183
11Latvia182
11Slovenia182
12Estonia181
13Iceland180
14Malaysia179
15Liechtenstein178
15United Arab Emirates178
16Cyprus177
17Romania175
18Bulgaria174
18Chile174
18Croatia174
18Monaco174
19Hong Kong (SAR China)171
20Argentina170
20Brazil170
21San Marino169
22Andorra168
23Brunei166
24Barbados163
25Israel159
25Mexico159
26St. Kitts and Nevis157
27Bahamas155
28Vatican City154
29Seychelles153
29Uruguay153
30St. Vincent and the Grenadines152
31Antigua and Barbuda151
31Trinidad and Tobago151
32Costa Rica150
33St. Lucia147
34Grenada146
34Mauritius146
35Dominica145
35Taiwan (Chinese Taipei)145
36Macao (SAR China)144
36Panama144
36Ukraine144
37Paraguay142
38Peru136
38Serbia136
39Colombia133
39Guatemala133
39Honduras133
40El Salvador132
40Samoa132
40Solomon Islands132
41Tonga130
42Venezuela129
43Nicaragua128
43Tuvalu128
44North Macedonia125
45Kiribati124
45Montenegro124
46Marshall Islands123
47Moldova121
48Palau Islands120
49Bosnia and Herzegovina118
49Micronesia118
49Russian Federation118
50Georgia116
51Albania115
52Türkiye110
53South Africa106
54Belize103
55Qatar100
56Vanuatu98
57Kuwait97
58Timor-Leste94
59Ecuador92
60Nauru90
61Maldives89
62Fiji88
62Guyana88
63Bahrain87
63Botswana87
63Jamaica87
64Papua New Guinea83
65Oman82
65Saudi Arabia82
66Bolivia80
66China80
67Namibia79
68Belarus78
68Thailand78
69Lesotho77
70Kazakhstan76
70Suriname76
71eSwatini75
72Malawi74
73Kenya73
74Tanzania72
75Indonesia71
75Zambia71
76Azerbaijan70
76Dominican Republic70
76Tunisia70
77The Gambia69
78Philippines67
78Uganda67
79Armenia66
79Cape Verde Islands66
79Zimbabwe66
80Cuba65
80Ghana65
80Morocco65
81Kyrgyzstan64
81Sierra Leone64
82Mongolia62
82Mozambique62
83Benin61
83Rwanda61
84Sao Tome and Principe60
84Tajikistan60
85India59
85Mauritania59
85Uzbekistan59
86Burkina Faso58
87Cote d’Ivoire57
87Gabon57
87Senegal57
88Equatorial Guinea55
88Guinea55
88Madagascar55
88Togo55
88Vietnam55
89Cambodia54
89Mali54
90Algeria53
90Bhutan53
90Chad53
90Comoro Islands53
90Egypt53
90Jordan53
90Niger53
90Turkmenistan53
91Central African Republic52
91Guinea-Bissau52
92Angola51
92Cameroon51
93Burundi50
93Laos50
94Congo (Rep.)49
94Haiti49
94Liberia49
95Djibouti48
96Myanmar47
97Ethiopia46
97Nigeria46
98Eritrea44
98South Sudan44
99Iran43
100Congo (Dem. Rep.)42
100Lebanon42
100Sri Lanka42
100Sudan42
101Bangladesh41
101Kosovo41
101Libya41
102North Korea40
103Nepal38
103Palestinian Territory38
104Somalia35
105Yemen34
106Pakistan32
107Syria30
108Iraq29
109Afghanistan27

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